Trendy is a new line of skin-care products which use seeds, flowers and fruits as the main ingredients: ENGLISH Assignment, OUM, Malaysia

University Open University Malaysia (OUM)
Subject English

PART 1

QUESTIONS 1 – 8

Read the text carefully in each question. Choose the best answer A, B or C. For each question, mark the correct answer A, B or C on your answer sheet.

Trendy is a new line of skin-care products which use seeds, flowers and fruits as the main ingredients. Look forward to a flawless and radiant skin after consuming Trendy Super food. They are now available in pharmacies and Trendy Shops after the official launching last week. As an introductory offer, the products are given 15% discount off their original price.

1. The skin-care products are
A sold in supermarkets.
B for external use only.
C plant-based.

New Delhi, India- About 330 million people in India are being affected by drought, as the country reels from severe water shortages which also result in crop losses to poor farmers. A bad drought has hit the population after two consecutive years of weak monsoons. High temperatures have hit parts of eastern, central and southern India in recent weeks, causing a great number of deaths reported from heatstroke.

2. From the newspaper extract above we know that
A the current drought was worse than the previous year.
B farmers are still able to use wells to water their crops.
C there are no fatalities although the temperatures are high.

3. Which of the following is true?
A You need to check your cholesterol level every year after the age of 20.
B You should go for blood screening if you have one or more symptoms.
C You must go and check your blood to know if you have any diseases

Sepilok Orangutan Rehabilitation Centre in the Malaysian Sabah District of North Borneo was founded in 1964, to rehabilitate orphan orangutans. In the wild, orangutan babies stay with their mothers for up to six years while they are taught the most important skill they need to survive in the forest, which is climbing. At Sepilok a buddy system is used to replace a mother’s teaching. A younger ape will be paired up with an older one to help them to develop the skills they need.

4. A young orangutan needs its mother
A if it were to survive in the jungle.
B to become its buddy.
C for only the first year of its life

5. It is important to follow the advice on online safety
So cyber bullies will not be interested.
B to avoid you from making online friends.
C for precaution against cyber-crimes.

Thursday – A girl found unconscious in her room was immediately taken to the hospital by her parents who thought she was just under the pressure of studying for examinations. However, the doctors had another explanation. They suspected that she had an eating disorder. She had reached to a very bad stage in which she had not consumed any food at all.

6. Which of the following statements is true?
A The girl has starved herself.
B Doctors had the same opinion as the parents.
C The girl was so stressed that she passed out.

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BUYING THINGS ONLINE

Online shopping is very convenient because you save time and energy. However, to avoid disappointment in things that you have bought, Mr Ken, the President of Consumers Associations has some advice for inexperienced buyers. Special offers can be misleading so, buyers must do a thorough checking of the products that they are buying. It is important to be cautious all the time.

7. Which of the following statements is true about the notice?

A Shopping online can save a lot of money because shoppers can stay at home during offers.

B Shoppers need precautions when buying things from the comfort of their home.

C Mr Ken advised new online shoppers to avoid buying too many products.

Nursing Home Resorts

We offer our best services in taking care of the elderly. We assist and provide care to all, even independent ones. They can stay healthy and comfortable in calm, cool environment, home away from home. (Ms Diana) for further details. We are professionally trained and trusted people whom you need in supporting your loved ones.

8. Which of the following statements is true?

A Assistance and care will be provided for everyone who stays there.
B The nursing home provides places with good ambience for the occupants.
C The elderly patients will be taken care well by the nurses at the home.

PART 2

QUESTIONS 9-18

Read the text below and choose the best word for each space. For each question, mark the correct letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet.

INTERNET SAVVY

There is a wealth of knowledge available if anyone is (0) willing to tap into the world of Internet. You can find almost anything you want; from how to do something, to books that you can (9) _________ for free. You can also watch various videos on places around the world, exercises, motivational talks and entertainment programmes, among others.

In addition, having the Internet is very (10) ________ because you can carry out tasks without leaving the house. You can shop and pay your bills. If you want to travel, you can buy plane tickets to any city and book hotels of your choice. If you choose not to have a (11) ________ job, you can work from home. Work can be done from the comfort of your home whilst taking care of your children! By using e-mails, you can send letters and documents that can (12) _______ their destination within seconds. Cooking should be fun if you are adventurous in trying new recipes (13) ________ all parts of the world. Famous chefs and housewives share ways of preparing various food which you can follow (14) _________. There are also steps in making handicrafts which can be worth (15) _________ for a hobby or to earn extra income. (16) _________, you will find plenty of ideas if you wish to redecorate your house or to do landscaping for the house. You can also learn a new language or just indulge in a relaxing game. It is no wonder you can just sit in front of the computer for hours! Despite the great benefits, it is (17) ________ to have a little control over the amount of time that you spend on the Internet. Instead, try to spend more time on activities such as (18) ________ for walks or meeting friends to increase contact time with the real world.

PART 3

QUESTIONS 19 – 26

“Anyway, I have confirmed a few things, Mr. Holmes. I knew that someone had
entered the house cautiously. Nothing in the house has been tampered with, and the Professor assures me that nothing was missing. Hence, the motive for robbery has been ruled out. Then, there was this very important piece of evidence which was clasped in the right hand of his dead personal assistant. “

Stanley Hopkins took out a small packet from his pocket. He opened it to reveal a golden pincenez, with two broken ends of black silk cord dangling from the end of it.

“Willoughby Smith had excellent sight,” he added. “There can be no question that this was snatched from the face of the assassin.” Sherlock Holmes took the pince-nez and examined them with great interest. He placed them on his nose, endeavoured reading through them, went to the window and stared up the street with them, looked at them most minutely in the full light of the lamp, and finally, he sat at the table and wrote some notes on a sheet of paper, which
he tossed across to Stanley Hopkins.

“That’s the best I can do for you,” he said. “It may prove to be of some use.” The astonished detective read aloud what was written on the paper which seemed to be an advertisement. It mentioned of a search for a well-dressed lady with a description of her face and her short-sightedness. Holmes smiled and explained.

“I think, it’s just very simple,” said he. “It would be difficult but these are a remarkable pair of glasses. That they belong to a woman, I infer from their delicacy, and also, of course, from the last words of the dying man. As to her being a person of refinement and well dressed, they are, as you perceive, handsomely mounted in solid gold. Such a person will not be sloppy and poorly dressed. You will find that the clips are too wide for your nose, showing that the lady’s nose was very broad at the base. This sort of nose is usually a short and coarse one, but there can be a number of exceptions. My own face is a narrow one, and yet I find that I cannot get my eyes into the center of these glasses. Therefore the lady’s eyes are set very near to the sides of the nose.” “It’s marvelous!” cried Hopkins, in great admiration. “To think that I had all that evidence all this time!”

“Do you have anything more to tell us about the case?”

“Nothing, Mr. Holmes. I think that you now know probably more than I do. We have had inquiries made as to any stranger seen on the country roads or at the railway station. We have heard of none. It really beats me that no one could suggest the motive of the killing.”

“If it is not asking too much, could you and your friend come with me tomorrow, Mr. Holmes? A train from Charing Cross to Chatham will leave at six in the morning, and we should reach Yoxley Old Place at around nine.” “Then we shall be ready for it.

The case certainly has made me curious, and I shall be glad to help you solve it. Well, it’s almost one o’clock already! We better sleep for a bit. I guess you can make yourself comfortable on the sofa there, near the fireplace. Then, in the morning, let me give you a cup of coffee before we go.”

The next morning, we traveled to Chatham. While waiting for a horse carriage for our transport, we managed to get some breakfast, and so we were all ready for business when we finally arrived at our destination. A constable met us at the garden gate who reported to Hopkins that there was no progress in the case and nobody had seen any stranger at the station.

19. In paragraph 1, an investigation was carried out to solve
A burglary case.
B a kidnapping.
C a murder case.
D a theft.

20. In paragraph 2, what is meant by the sentence, “Willoughby Smith had excellent sight.”?
A He did not need to wear glasses.
B He was wearing a pair of spectacles.
C He would have a good future.
D He agreed with someone’s opinion.

21. Who was Stanley Hopkins?
A A police constable.
B A friend of the dead man.
C A police detective .
D A private investigator.

“Do you have anything more to tell us about the case?”

“Nothing, Mr. Holmes. I think that you now know probably more than I do. We have had inquiries made as to any stranger seen on the country roads or at the railway station. We have heard of none. It really beats me that no one could suggest the motive of the killing.”

“If it is not asking too much, could you and your friend come with me tomorrow, Mr. Holmes? A train from Charing Cross to Chatham will leave at six in the morning, and we should reach Yoxley Old Place at around nine.”

“Then we shall be ready for it. The case certainly has made me curious, and I shall be glad to help you solve it. Well, it’s almost one o’clock already! We better sleep for a bit.

I guess you can make yourself comfortable on the sofa there, near the fireplace. Then, in the morning, let me give you a cup of coffee before we go.” The next morning, we travelled to Chatham. While waiting for a horse carriage for our transport, we managed to get some breakfast, and so we were all ready for business when we finally arrived at our destination. A constable met us at the garden gate who reported to Hopkins that there was no progress in the case and nobody had seen any stranger at the station. Adapted from: The Adventure of the Golden Pince-Nez by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (From The Return of Sherlock Holmes)

22. Where did they find the evidence?

A In the room with the body.
B In one of the palms of the dead person.
C On the floor near the dead man.
D In the pocket of the dead person.

23. In paragraph 10, the idiom ‘beats me’ means

A I think…
B I hope….
C I don’t know….
D I see!

24. “I guess you can make yourself comfortable on the sofa there, near the fireplace.” What does it infer?

A The guest should settled for the night on the sofa.
B The guest could spend the night at the house.
C The guest should not go home yet.
D The guest was welcomed to sit on the sofa.

25. How did the three men go to Yoxley Old Place?

A They had to ride horses.
B They boarded the six o’clock train to Chatham.
C They took the train to Chatham and then walked.
D They took a train and then a horse carriage.

26. How do you think Mr. Holmes would go about in solving the case?

A He was told that strangers had not been seen in town, so he might search Yoxley Old Place because he thought the murderer would still be hiding somewhere.

B He had already suspected that a woman was involved, so he would get one of the professor’s house-helpers to admit to the murder.

C He would ask questions to the Professor and later, he would accuse him of killing his own personal assistant.

D He knew that the pince-Nez belonged to someone and he would go about
searching for their owner.

PART 4
QUESTIONS 27 – 32

You are going to read an article on the advantages and disadvantages of a study group.Six sentences have been removed from the article. Choose from the sentences A to H the one which fits each gap (27 – 32). There are two extra sentences which you do not need to use. Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet.

Studies are an essential part of a student’s daily life. It is important to be able to perform well in school as well as in major examinations set by the ministry. Therefore, there is a need to study effectively. One way to do this is by joining a study group in which students meet to discuss about a particular subject or report their findings.

27.Students who choose to study in a group will be more motivated. Some of
these students can work best with others.

28. As such, they also look forward to learning and discussing material with other members. It will also make them more accountable as members should be counting on each other to study.

Studying in a group can provide better learning and understanding. Some students learn better if they hear and say things in order to learn concepts. Study groups are a great environment to promote that type of learning. It is an opportunity to better understand a topic by having discussions and explanations.

Learning should be fun and interesting. Revising alone for a long time can
make one feels tired and bored.

29. It can also be less stressful as when studying individually, one has to focus on all subjects, most probably within a limited time. A true test in knowing if a student understands a concept or not is if he or she
is able to explain it to someone else.

30. In addition, interacting with other members of the group during discussions and also when making decisions can help in enhancing their communicative skills.

There are also disadvantages of group studying. Studying in a group can be a problem as each member may have a different level of understanding. If these students have difficulties in understanding certain concepts, they may not be able to keep up with the other members of the group.

31. A study group can make inefficient decision. Depending on the size of the group, it can be incredibly difficult to coordinate a time and place suitable for everyone. If meetings keep getting rescheduled or cancelled, then it is better to just start studying alone. As the priority of a study group is studying, some members can be distracting by talking about irrelevant topics or gossips.

32. Students should know which is the best way for them to study. Before joining a study group, they should choose one that spends its time studying and not just having it as a platform to socialise. It is about practising for a real-world as two heads are better than one which can benefit them in the long run of life.

PART 5

QUESTIONS 33-40

We interviewed six students about what unhealthy lifestyle means to them. Read the texts below and answer the questions that follow.

A – Sharon, 17 years old An unhealthy lifestyle means many people who are overweight and obese. They eat what they want, whenever they want even though it is late into the night. They have large portions of food in one serving or choose to eat fast food and sweet delicacies which can contribute to their obesity.

B – Kelvin, 14 years old

If you are a smoking teenager it means you are having an unhealthy lifestyle. Many of these teenagers are aware of the harmful effects of cigarettes, yet they still choose to do so. They should know better! It’s difficult to quit once you get addicted to it.

C – Donna, 15 years old

I think having a sedentary lifestyle is an unhealthy way of life. I suggest people should limit their time for watching television, playing computer games or chatting with friends.

D – Yvonne, 16 years old If people do not have good management of their daily activities, they can be leading an unhealthy lifestyle. Their routine can cause stress which is bad for their health. I think busy people should know their priority and manage time well so they can relax and get a relief from the tension of everyday life.

E – Freddie, 17 years old

Living an unhealthy lifestyle can mean people who do not care to improve on their personal health and overall well-being. Stress, eating unhealthily, lacking in physical exercises or insufficient sleep can be contributing factors of the lifestyle. Therefore, people must change and consider aspects of a healthy lifestyle which include good nutrition, daily exercise, and adequate sleep, as advised by some health experts.

F – David, 16 years old If people are not active, they are leading unhealthy lifestyles. They can go cycling or just go for brisk walks. People who do some physical workouts at least three times a week will certainly gain some health benefits.

QUESTIONS 33-36

Which paragraph (A-F) describe the following experiences on unhealthy lifestyle? Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet.

Statements Paragraphs

33. I’m getting fat because I like to eat cakes and doughnuts. ______________

34. I know it is harmful to my health but I just got hooked after ______________ trying to feel the experience. B

35. I feel so stressful because I have so many things to do at ______________ school and at home. D

36. My friend and I are trying to be in good physical shape so ______________ every evening, we go to a nearby park to exercise.

QUESTIONS 37-40

Complete the notes below using information from the text. Choose no more than one word from the passage for each answer. Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet.

What We Know About Unhealthy Lifestyle

• Those who ignore to take care of their own health should start to think about changing certain (37) ______________ of their bad habits

• Many people have jobs that keep them (38) ______________ for most of the day.

• Food is an important factor for people to maintain an ideal weight so they should at least try to control the (39) ______________ that they consume whenever they sit down to eat.

• At the end of the day, people must make time to relax and get (40) ______________ rest in bed.

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