MBA6073: Bank Negara Malaysia said today household debt, as measured by the household debt-to-gross domestic product ratio: Managerial Economics Assignment, HU, Malaysia


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MBA6073: Managerial Economics

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Household Debt

KUALA LUMPUR: Bank Negara Malaysia said today household debt, as measured by the household debt-to-gross domestic product ratio, expanded at a faster pace in the second half of 2019, primarily driven by loans for the purchase of residential properties.

BNM said in its Financial Stability Review for Second Half 2019 that the ratio of overall household debt-to-GDP rose to 82.7% at the end-2019 of amid slower GDP growth and remained elevated relative to regional peers.

“Demand for residential property loans during the period was bolstered by the Home Ownership Campaign launched by the government. Personal financing and credit card loans also recorded higher growth. This was largely attributed to lending by development financial institutions to civil servants. “Overall debt-servicing capacity of households, however, continues to be supported by
income growth and adequate financial buffers.

At the aggregate level, both outstanding household financial assets and liquid financial assets remained broadly stable at 2.2 times and 1.4 times of debt, respectively. Household financial assets also continued to outpace the growth in debt for the third consecutive year,” it said.

BNM said the vast majority of household borrowers are also expected to be resilient to a significant decline in house prices and income shocks. Risks from household debt exposures remain concentrated among borrowers with monthly earnings of less than RM3,000 and housing loan borrowers with variable income who are more vulnerable to financial stress.

The share of borrowers from the vulnerable income group has continued to decline to 17.6% of total household debt, while the exposure-at-risk for housing loan borrowers with variable income remained low at 2% of total banking system loans, it said. BNM said the elevated level of household indebtedness remains a source of the potential risk to macroeconomic and subsequently, financial stability.

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