# BSR413 Land Surveying UITM Assignment Sample Malaysia

The BSR413 Land Surveying course is an important and fascinating topic for anyone interested in learning about land surveying, mapping, drafting and other related disciplines. This foundational course covers the principles of modern land surveying, including complex chains of triangular plots outlining acreage divisions and units. Students explore topics from basic topographic surveys to boundary law and title research to local site development plan drawings.

Through demonstrations using state-of-the-art equipment and software, as well as hands-on activities in the lab, students apply real-world scenarios to gain a thorough understanding of land surveys. After completing the course, students will have a working knowledge of land surveying that can be employed across a range of industries.

## Obtain exemplary assignments for the BSR413 Land Surveying course to gain valuable insight into the subject and excel in your studies.

Malaysiaassignmenthelp.com provides complete guidance on this course through its BSR413 Land Surveying UITM assignment sample Malaysia. These assignments provide a detailed insight into the topic and allow you to understand various surveying techniques and methods used in the field of land surveying. You can also practice problem-solving by attempting the provided questions to gain proficiency in the subject and improve your grades.

In this section, we will describe some assignment objectives. These are:

### Assignment Objective 1: Identify the concept of traverse surveying and tachometric survey.

Traverse surveying is a type of surveying technique that involves the measurement of a series of connected lines that form a closed shape, such as a polygon. The purpose of traverse surveying is to determine the lengths, directions, and relative positions of the lines in the survey. Traverse surveying is commonly used in the construction of roads, pipelines, and electrical transmission lines.

Tachometric surveying, on the other hand, is a type of surveying that uses an instrument called a tachometer to measure the horizontal and vertical angles between points. Tachometric surveying is used to quickly and accurately measure the distances and elevations between points over a large area. It is commonly used in the construction of roads, railways, and buildings, as well as in geological and environmental surveys.

### Assignment Objective 2: Organise the surveying procedure of pre and post setting out at sites.

The surveying procedure for pre and post-setting out at sites involves several steps to ensure accurate and efficient measurements. Here’s an overview of the typical steps involved:

Pre-Setting Out Survey:

1. Review plans and specifications: Before any surveying work can begin, it’s important to review the plans and specifications for the project to understand the scope of work and what needs to be measured.
2. Establish control points: Control points are fixed reference points that are used to accurately measure the site. These points can be established using GPS, a total station, or other surveying equipment. The control points should be established based on the project requirements and the accuracy needed.
3. Conduct topographic survey: A topographic survey is conducted to measure the existing features of the site, such as contours, and elevations, and features like buildings, trees, and other obstructions. This information is used to create a base map that will be used for setting out.
4. Mark the location of structures: Once the topographic survey is complete, the location of structures like buildings, roads, and other features are marked on the site using stakes or other markers.
5. Set out reference points: Using the control points established in step 2, reference points are set out on the site that will be used to guide the placement of structures and other features.

Post-Setting Out Survey:

1. Check the accuracy of the setting out: Once the structures and features have been placed on the site, it’s important to check the accuracy of the setting out. This is done by measuring the location of the structures and features using surveying equipment and comparing them to the reference points established in the pre-setting out a survey.
2. Make any necessary adjustments: If any discrepancies are found between the placement of structures and the reference points, adjustments can be made to ensure that everything is aligned correctly.
3. Conduct a final survey: Once all adjustments have been made, a final survey is conducted to confirm the accuracy of the placement of structures and features on the site.

By following these steps, surveyors can ensure that the site is accurately measured and that structures and other features are placed correctly.

### Assignment Objective 3: Analyse various techniques of area and volume calculations.

There are various techniques for calculating the area and volume of different shapes and objects. Some of the common techniques are:

Area and Volume Formulas:

Many shapes and objects have standard formulas to calculate their area and volume. For example, the area of a rectangle is calculated by multiplying its length and width, and the volume of a cube is calculated by cubing its side length. Learning these formulas can make it easy to calculate the area and volume of familiar shapes.

Integration:

Integration is a calculus technique used to find the area under a curve or the volume of a solid. This technique is often used for irregular shapes or objects with curved surfaces. By integrating a function, you can calculate the area or volume of the shape or object.

Approximation:

When exact formulas or integration methods are not feasible, approximation techniques can be used. One example is the trapezoidal rule, which involves approximating the area under a curve as a series of trapezoids. Another example is the Monte Carlo method, which involves using random sampling to estimate the area or volume of an object.

Dissection:

Some shapes can be broken down into smaller, simpler shapes whose areas or volumes can be easily calculated. For example, an irregular shape can be divided into a series of rectangles or triangles whose areas can be calculated using simple formulas. This technique is often used in geometry and can be especially useful for irregular shapes.

3D Scanning:

With advances in technology, 3D scanning can be used to capture the shape of an object and calculate its volume. This technique is often used in engineering and manufacturing to design and produce complex shapes.

Mathematical Software:

Mathematical software such as MATLAB, Maple or Mathematica can be used to calculate the area and volume of shapes and objects with complex equations. These tools allow for accurate and efficient calculations, especially for shapes that cannot be easily calculated by hand.

Overall, the choice of technique for calculating area and volume will depend on the specific shape or object being measured and the available resources.

### Assignment Objective 4: Operate a level instrument to measure and determine height information.

To operate a level instrument to measure and determine height information, you will need to follow these steps:

1. Set up the instrument: Choose a stable and level surface to place the level instrument. Set the instrument down and adjust the legs or base so that it is level.
2. Take a benchmark reading: Take a benchmark reading by placing the level staff or rod on a point of known elevation, such as a benchmark or a previously measured point. Adjust the instrument until the bubble is centered in the level.
3. Take a backsight reading: Hold the staff or rod on the point where you want to take a height measurement and read the height on the staff. This is called the backsight reading.
4. Take a foresight reading: Move the staff or rod to the next point where you want to take a height measurement. Adjust the level until the bubble is centered, then read the height on the staff. This is called the foresight reading.
5. Calculate the height difference: Subtract the back sight reading from the foresight reading to determine the height difference between the two points.
6. Adjust for errors: Check the level instrument for any errors or misalignments that may have affected the measurements, and adjust as necessary.
7. Repeat the process: Continue taking backsight and foresight readings at different points along the line of sight, and calculating the height differences between them until you have the desired information.

By following these steps, you should be able to use a level instrument to measure and determine height information accurately and effectively.

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